While there are thousands of people writing software for computers, Edward de Bono is the pioneer in writing software for the human brain.
Edward de Bono was born in Malta and after his initial education at St. Edward’s College, Malta, and the Royal University of Malta, where he obtained a degree in medicine, he proceeded as a Rhodes Scholar to Christ Church, Oxford, where he gained an honours degree in psychology and physiology and then a D.Phil. in medicine.
He also holds a Ph.D. from Cambridge.
He has had faculty appointments at the universities of Oxford, London, Cambridge and Harvard.
Dr. Edward de Bono is widely regarded as the leading authority in the direct teaching of thinking as a skill.
He originated the concept of lateral thinking (which now has an entry in the Oxford English Dictionary) and developed formal techniques for deliberate creative thinking.
He has written sixty-five books with translations in thirty-seven languages.
He has also made two television series.
Invited to lecture in forty-five countries and to address major international conferences, he was, in 1989, asked to chair a special meeting of Nobel prize laureates.
His instruction in thinking has been sought by many of the leading business corporations in the world such as IBM, NTT (Japan), Du Pont, Prudential, Shell, Eriksson, McKinseys, Ciba-Geigy, Ford and many others.
Dr. de Bono runs the largest curriculum programme for the direct teaching of thinking in schools. This is in use in many countries around the world.
He is the founder of the Cognitive Research Trust (1969) and the International Creative Forum which brings together many of the leading corporations in the world.
He also set up the International Creativity Office in New York to help UN member countries generate fresh ideas.
Dr. de Bono’s work is based on
his understanding of the mind
See I am right - You are wrong
(From this to the new renaissance:
from rock logic to water logic)
Three kinds of intelligence (Niccolò Machiavelli) and people behaviors
“Because we spend a lot of time thinking about things does not by itself improve our thinking skill.
A journalist who types with two fingers will still be typing with two fingers at the age of sixty.
This is not for lack of typing practice.
Practice in two-finger typing will serve only to make that person a better two-finger typist.
Yet a short course in touch typing at a young age would have made that person a much better typist for all his or her life.
It is the same with thinking. Practice is not enough.”
“Thinking … the most fundamental,
the most important aspect of life,
the basis for everything is totally neglected …
Book store: no thinking category
Universities: no thinking faculty and zero possibility thinking
School: no thinking subject” — Edward de Bono
more below …
About thinking and 12 principles ↓
Thinking takes place along a time line
leading toward unimagined futures
Mental patterns: our “guidance” :( system
One can … never be sure what the knowledge worker thinks—and yet thinking is her/his specific work; it is his/her “doing.” — Peter Drucker
A Century of Social Transformation
Knowledge: its economics and productivity
Caution: Innovation requires special effort and the risks associated with the bright idea
The Father of Lateral Thinking, Edward De Bono discusses education, health care, happiness, the Thinking Club and the 6 Thinking Hats (below) used by top western economists, primitive tribesmen and school children alike.
Interviewed by Charlotte Malycon & Dan Day – Thinking Club Sydney Founders & Our Manly Creative Thinking Partners
Interview notes below
Attention Directing — Code 2
Thinking is the most fundamental of all human skills.
The quality of our future will depend directly on the quality of our thinking.
Wisdom → awareness
Is it then not only astonishing but also absurd that thinking is not the core subject in all education and the central subject on any school curriculum?
It is not.
It is not there at all.
There are some schools that teach thinking.
Many of them teach critical thinking, which is excellent but totally inadequate.
Judgement thinking is important but so is design thinking.
We need to create as well as to judge.
David Perkins at Harvard has shown that ninety per cent of errors in thinking are errors of perception.
This has also been my experience over the thirty years in which I have been involved in the teaching of thinking.
Yet over the ages we have put all the emphasis on logic.
If your perception is faulty, then even excellent logic will give you the wrong answer.
Excellent logic will not, itself, provide excellent perception.
If your eyesight is very sharp but you are looking in the wrong direction you will not see what you are looking for.
An explorer is sent to a newly discovered island.
The explorer returns and reports on a smoking volcano and a bird that does not fly.
The backers of the explorer are not satisfied:
‘What else was there?’
‘That is all that caught my attention,’ replies the explorer.
So the explorer is sent back again with some ‘attention-directing’ tools.
The explorer is asked to ‘look north and note what you see’.
Then, ‘look south and note what you see’.
Then look east and west in the same way.
Also make notes on:
flora, fauna, geology, water, etc., etc.
This becomes a sort of checklist.
Writing out what you see
is different from saying it
mentally or verbally. It makes you decide.
Full size ↓
Additionally, what are the implications of what you see?
Maybe this will help you SEE!
Dense reading and Dense listening ::: Thinking broad and Thinking detailed
Druckerisms — attention-directing thought jewels from PFD
We need ‘attention-directing tools’ for human perception.
“To know something,
to really understand something important,
one must look at it from sixteen different angles.
People are perceptually slow,
and there is no shortcut to understanding;
it takes a great deal of time.” Drucker read more on this
Many years ago I designed a set of such tools.
They are now in use (as the CoRT programme) in thousands of schools around the world.
They are also being taught in business through the DATT programme (operated by APTT).
In the Karee platinum mine in South Africa there used to be 210 fights every month between the seven different tribes working there.
After the basic attention-directing tools were taught (by Susan Mackie and Donalda Dawson) the fights dropped from 210 to just four.
Jennifer O’Sullivan, in Australia, had two job clubs and every one of her unemployed youngsters was deaf.
Teaching these youngsters CoRT thinking gave an employment rate more than double the average for job clubs.
In a pilot project with unemployed youngsters in the UK, the use of these methods by the Hoist Group improved unemployment four- to fivefold.
Attention-directing tools are very powerful.
If you are looking in the right direction you see things.
Once you have seen something you cannot ‘unsee’ it.
Your thinking, choices, decisions are determined by what you have seen.
So code 2 is a very simple set of attention-directing tools.
You can instruct yourself to use a particular tool.
You can ask someone else to use a particular tool.
You can suggest to a group that a particular tool be used.
In a computer you might pull down a menu and then click on an item on that menu.
The thinking tools are items on a ‘thinking menu’.
de Bono snacks and book tables of content:
Far too many people regard thinking as a matter of inborn intelligence—which it is not.
In my researches and experiments I have again and again come across very intelligent people who turned out to be very poor thinkers.
Nor have I found that thinking skill has much to do with education, for some of the best educated people (Ph.D.s, university lecturers and professors, senior business executives, etc.) have also been poor thinkers.
To regard thinking as a skill rather than as a gift is the first step towards doing something to improve that skill. See Practical Thinking
Intelligence ::: Information ::: Thinking
Intelligence is like the horsepower of a car.
Thinking is like the skill with which the car is driven.
Information is like the road map available to the driver.
By themselves, each of these three components intelligence, information, thinking — is not enough, but together they can be used to great effect in the world around us.
Dr. de Bono shows us the importance of combining all three in order to fulfil our potential and develop some truly creative ideas.
The PMI ::: Plus, Minus, Interesting — the critical importance of mental scanning
The Six Value Medals
Why We Need New Thinking About Thinking
Principles for thinking — Find “Simplicity” on this page
Information and thinking
Intelligence and thinking
Cleverness and thinking
Does thinking need to be difficult?
How to be an intellectual
Reactive and pro-active thinking
Operacy — the thinking that goes into doing
The adversarial system
Challenge and protest
The need to be right
Analysis and design
Logic and perception
Emotions, feelings and intuition
Thinking Broad and Thinking Detailed
I Am Right, You Are Wrong
The Mechanism of Mind
Effective thinking course (outline). Thinking Course (book table of contents)
Dense Reading and Dense Listening
Teach Your Child How to Think
Teach Yourself to Think — also relevant to the thinking that goes into doing …
Six Thinking Hats (simple overview) OR Six Thinking Hats TOC (table of contents with some abbreviated notes)
Six Action Shoes
The Happiness Purpose
H+ (Plus) A New Religion?: How to Live Your Life Positively Through Happiness, Humour, Help, Hope, Health
Handbook For The Positive Revolution
How to Have A Beautiful Mind
How to be More Interesting
Lateral Thinking: Creativity Step by Step
Creativity Workout: 62 Exercises to Unlock Your Most Creative Ideas
How to Have Creative Ideas: 62 games to develop the mind
Six Frames (For Thinking about Information)
The De Bono Code Book
Wikipedia: Edward de Bono
The Thinker’s Toolkit — 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving
A Whack on the Side of the Head — How You Can Be More Creative
Larger view of the PISCO-TEC image above
His books can be found through a Google search, Google Book Search for Edward de Bono or at Amazon.com
Book store: no thinking category
Universities: no thinking faculty
School: no subject thinking
Thinking … the most fundamental, the most important aspect of life, the basis for everything is totally neglected.
It is assumed that we are very good … we know everything … total rubbish
We haven’t done anything about thinking for 2400 years
Thinking: design, creative for value, finding the truth & logic, perceptual
If you have to start with perceptions and assumptions, logic is insufficient
The Intelligence Trap
The willingness to explore the subject
Design is as important as analysis.
Design is putting together what you have to deliver the values you want
Australia: Six Thinking Hats widely used
Venezuela: In every school.
A champion is needed
China: The rest of the world just a tourist area for the Chinese
Chief Idea Officer.
Otherwise nothing happens
Random word easier to use than provocation.
Teaching thinking as a subject increases performance in other areas
Fallacy of the attack and revolution approach
Politics and negative thinking
Happy film institute.
Need dramatic events.
Motivation to think.
Ignorance is bliss. Daisy by the road side.
Countries burdened by history.
Getting out of cars.
Seats that swivel.
Improving wine glasses.
Emergency room wait times.
New type of doctor
Schools should be teaching “now story” rather than history, thinking and operacy (skills of doing).
Just expensive baby sitting
Kids and computers: You don’t have to think, you only have to search
Exercises in thinking
Do that and do this as well