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2005: Year of Farewells to World Icons

By MARY DEIBEL - Scripps Howard News Service

It was a year of farewells to world icons. Pope John Paul II and Rosa Parks died. So did the chief justice of the United States and the world's chief Nazi hunter. Other lost legends ranged from entertainers Johnny Carson and Richard Pryor to Peter Drucker, the godfather of modern management, and Hunter S. Thompson, the father of gonzo journalism.


  • Hans Bethe, German-turned-U.S. nuclear physicist who headed the theoretical division at the secret Los Alamos lab developing atomic weapons during World War II, March 6 at 98.
  • Shirley Chisholm, first black woman in Congress, Jan. 1 at 80.
  • Kenneth Clark, educational psychologist whose studies of black children were key in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling ending public school segregation, May 1 at 90.
  • Johnnie Cochran, law firm founder and O.J. defense attorney, March 29 at 67. Peter Jennings, ABC anchor, Aug. 8 at 67.
  • Fred Korematsu, Japanese-American who fought his World War II internment in the Supreme Court, March 30 at 86.
  • Eugene McCarthy, former senator and Democratic presidential hopeful who challenged President Johnson in 1968, Dec. 10 at 89.
  • Constance Baker Motley, first black woman on federal bench, Sept. 28 at 84.
  • Rosa Parks, civil rights icon, Oct. 24 at 92.
  • William Proxmire, former Wisconsin senator and scourge of government waste, Dec. 15 at 90.
  • Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Sept. 3 at 80.
  • Peter Rodino, House Judiciary chairman during Nixon's Watergate impeachment, May 7 at 95.
  • The Rev. Adrian Rogers, televangelist, Nov. 15 at 74.
  • Terri Schaivo, symbol of right-to-die battle, March 31 at 41.
  • Adm. James Stockdale, Vietnam POW, vice presidential candidate, July 5 at 81.
  • Gen. William Westmoreland, Vietnam War commander, July 18 at 91.
  • Rose Mary Woods, Nixon secretary who took blame for erasing 18-1/2 minutes of White House Watergate tapes, Jan. 22 at 87.


  • George Best, world soccer legend, Nov. 25 at 59.
  • Robin Cook, British foreign minister who quit over the Iraq war, Aug. 6 at 59.
  • King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Aug. 1 at 84.
  • Pope John Paul II April 2 at 84.
  • George Kennan, father of America's post-World War II policy of containment, March 17 at 101.
  • Prince Ranier III of Monaco, April 6 at 81.
  • Max Schmeling, heavyweight champ who saved Jews from Hitler, Feb. 2 at 99.
  • Simon Wiesenthal, Holocaust survivor and Nazi hunter, Sept. 20 at 96.
  • Zhao Ziyang, Chinese premier ousted for visiting Tienanmen student protesters in 1989, Jan. 17 at 85.


  • John DeLorean, automotive innovator, March 19 at 80.
  • Peter Drucker, the father of modern management, Nov. 11 at 95.
  • Robert Heilbronner, leading economic historian, Jan. 4 at 85.
  • John Johnson, Johnson Publishing founder, Aug. 8 at 87.
  • Sol Linowitz, chairman of Xerox who negotiated for its photocopy patents before retiring to a life as diplomat and presidential counselor, March 18 at 91.
  • Frank Perdue, poultry pioneer famed for saying: "It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken," March 31 at 84.
  • Lew Platt, former CEO of Hewlett Packard and Boeing chairman, Sept. 8 at 64.
  • Robert Tisch, NFL Giants co-owner and Loew's Corp. chairman, Nov. 15 at 79.
  • Walter Wriston, longtime chairman and CEO of Citibank, Jan. 19 at 85.


  • Don Adams, "Maxwell Smart," Sept. 26 at 82.
  • Anne Bancroft, Oscar- and Tony-winning actress, June 6 at 74.
  • Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Grammy-winning blues musician, Sept. 10 at 81. Johnny Carson, Emmy-winning king of late-night television, Jan. 23 at 79.
  • Ossie Davis, Tony-winning author and actor, Feb. 4 at 87.
  • Sandra Dee, "Gidget," Feb. 20 at 63.
  • Bob Denver, Gilligan on "Gilligan's Island," Sept. 2 at 70.
  • James Doohan, Startrek's "Scotty," July 20 at 85.
  • Ralph Edwards, "This Is Your Life" host and TV producer, Nov. 16 at 92.
  • Geraldine Fitzgerald, Oscar-nominated actress, July 17 at 91.
  • Barbara Bel Geddes, Miss Ellie on "Dallas," Aug. 8 at 82.
  • Frank Gorshin, comedian and "Batman" Riddler, May 17 at 72.
  • Skitch Henderson, "Tonight Show" bandleader, NY Pops founder, Nov. 1 at 87.
  • Shirley Horn, Grammy-winning jazz pianist and vocalist, Oct. 21 at 71.
  • Ismael Merchant, of the Merchant Ivory team that won 6 Oscars, May 25 at 68.
  • John Mills, "Ryan's Daughter" Oscar winner, April 23 at 97
  • Robert Moog, synthesizer pioneer, Aug. 21 at 71.
  • Pat Morita, "Karate Kid" mentor, Nov. 24 at 73.
  • Howie Morris, comedian, May 21 at 85.
  • Louis Nye, comedian, Oct. 9 at 92.
  • Brock Peters, actor, Aug. 23 at 78.
  • Richard Pryor, actor-comedian, Dec. 10 at 65.
  • John Raitt, "Carousel" star, father of Bonnie, Feb. 20 at 88.
  • Nipsey Russell, comedian, Oct. 2 at 80.
  • Bobby Short, cabaret singer, March 21 at 80.
  • Luther Vandross, Grammy-winning R&B artist, July 1 at 54.
  • John Vernon, Dean Wormer in "Animal House," Feb. 2 at 72.
  • Paul Winchell, ventriloquist, June 24 at 82.
  • Robert Wise, Oscar-winning director-producer, Sept. 14 at 91.


  • Shana Alexander, journalist-author, June 23 at 79.
  • Saul Bellow, Nobel prize winning author, April 4 at 89.
  • Stanley Berenstain, father of "Bears" of children's book fame, Nov. 26 at 82.
  • Shelby Foote, historian and novelist, June 27 at 88.
  • John Fowles, author and screenwriter, Nov. 5 at 79.
  • Evan Hunter, novelist who also wrote as Ed McBain, July 6 at 78.
  • Philip Johnson, architect, Jan. 25 at 98.
  • Arthur Miller, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, Feb. 10 at 89.
  • Hunter S. Thompson, gonzo journalist, Feb. 20 at 67.
  • August Wilson, Pulitzer Prize winning playwright, Oct. 2 at 60.

(Contact Mary Deibel at DeibelM(at)

Photo Copyright Getty Images

Copyright 2005, Scripps Howard News Service

2005 Clear Channel Communications

See What do you want to be remembered for?


“The greatest danger in times of turbulence is not turbulence; it is to act with yesterday’s logic”. — Peter Drucker

The shift from manual workers who do as they are being told — either by the task or by the boss — to knowledge workers who have to manage themselves ↓ profoundly challenges social structure

Managing Oneself is a REVOLUTION in human affairs.” … “It also requires an almost 180-degree change in the knowledge workers’ thoughts and actions from what most of us—even of the younger generation—still take for granted as the way to think and the way to act.” …

… “Managing Oneself is based on the very opposite realities: Workers are likely to outlive organizations (and therefore, employers can’t be depended on for designing your life), and the knowledge worker has mobility.” ← in a context




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