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8 entries found for knowledge.


1. The state or fact of knowing.

2. Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study.

3. The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered,or learned.

4. Learning; erudition: teachers of great knowledge.

5. Specific information about something.

6. Carnal knowledge.

[Middle English knoulech: knouen, to know; see know +-leche, n. suff.]

Synonyms: knowledge, information, learning, erudition,lore, scholarship

These nouns refer to what is known, as through study or experience. Knowledge is the broadest: Science is organized knowledge (Herbert Spencer). Information often implies a collection of facts and data: A man's judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it (ArthurHays Sulzberger). Learning usually refers to knowledge gained by schooling and study: Learning... must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence (Abigail Adams). Erudition implies profound, often specialized knowledge: Some have criticized his poetry as elitist,unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition (Elizabeth Kastor). Lore is usually applied to knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote about aparticular subject: Many American folktales concern the loreof frontier life. Scholarship is the mastery of a particulararea of learning reflected in a scholar's work: A goodjournal article shows ample evidence of the author's scholarship.

Source: The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition

Copyright 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


see little knowledge is a dangerous thing; to the best of (one's knowledge).

Source: The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.

Copyright 1997 by The Christine Ammer 1992 Trust. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Main Entry: knowledge

Function: noun

1 a : awareness or understanding esp. of an act, a fact, orthe truth : ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE 1 in this entry b : awareness that a fact or circumstance probably exists; broadly :CONSTRUCTIVE KNOWLEDGE in this entry --see also SCIENTER,WILLFUL BLINDNESS

NOTE: Knowledge fundamentally differs from intent in being grounded in awareness rather than purpose.

actual knowledge

1 : direct and clear awareness (as of a fact or condition) the bank had actual knowledge that the name and accountnumber referred to different persons

2 : awareness of such information as would cause areasonable person to inquire further; specifically : such awareness considered as a timely and sufficient substitutefor actual notice (as of a work-related injury or of a bankruptcy proceeding) ruled that the employer did not have actual notice or actual knowledge within 90 days

constructive knowledge

: knowledge (as of a condition or fact) that one usingordinary care or diligence would possess had constructive knowledge of the presence of narcotics on his property

personal knowledge

: direct knowledge of a matter or of the truth or falsity ofan allegation a witness may not testify to a matter unlessevidence is introduced sufficient to support a finding that the witness has personal knowledge of the matter --Federal Rules of Evidence Rule 602

superior knowledge

: knowledge greater than that possessed by another;especially : awareness of a condition or fact that affectsanother who was not aware of it )denied having had superiorknowledge of the hazard) (superior knowledge of a factor inthe performance of a contract)

2 : the range of one's information, understanding, orexpertise

Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary of Law, 1996Merriam-Webster, Inc.


n. [OE. knowlage, knowlege, knowleche,knawleche. The last part is the Icel. suffix -leikr, forming abstract nouns, orig. the same as Icel. leikr game, play,sport, akin to AS. l[=a]c, Goth. laiks dance. See Know, andcf. Lake, v. i., Lark a frolic.] 1. The act or state ofknowing; clear perception of fact, truth, or duty; certainapprehension; familiar cognizance; cognition.

Knowledge, which is the highest degree of the speculativefaculties, consists in the perception of the truth ofaffirmative or negative propositions. --Locke.

2. That which is or may be known; the object of an act ofknowing; a cognition; -- chiefly used in the plural.

There is a great difference in the delivery of themathematics, which are the most abstracted of knowledges.--Bacon.

Knowledges is a term in frequent use by Bacon, and, thoughnow obsolete, should be revived, as without it we arecompelled to borrow ``cognitions'' to express its import.--Sir W. Hamilton.

To use a word of Bacon's, now unfortunately obsolete, wemust determine the relative value of knowledges. --H.Spencer.

3. That which is gained and preserved by knowing;instruction; acquaintance; enlightenment; learning;scholarship; erudition.

Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. --1 Cor. viii.1.

Ignorance is the curse of God; - Knowledge, the wingwherewith we fly to heaven. --Shak.

4. That familiarity which is gained by actual experience;practical skill; as, a knowledge of life.

Shipmen that had knowledge of the sea. --1 Kings ix. 27.

5. Scope of information; cognizance; notice; as, it has notcome to my knowledge.

Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldsttake knowledge of me? --Ruth ii. 10.

6. Sexual intercourse; -- usually preceded by carnal; as,carnal knowledge.

Syn: See Wisdom.

[Free Trial - Merriam-Webster Unabridged.]

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1996,1998 MICRA, Inc.


\Knowl"edge\, v. t. To acknowledge. [Obs.] ``Sinners whichknowledge their sins.'' --Tyndale.

[Free Trial - Merriam-Webster Unabridged.]

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1996,1998 MICRA, Inc.


n : the psychological result of perception and learning andreasoning [syn: cognition, noesis]

Source: WordNet 2.0, 2003 Princeton University


The objects,

concepts and relationships that are assumed to exist insome

area of interest. A collection of knowledge, represented

using some knowledge representation language is known as a

knowledge base and a program for extending and/or querying a

knowledge base is a knowledge-based system.

Knowledge differs from data or information in that new

knowledge may be created from existing knowledge usinglogical

inference. If information is data plus meaning then

knowledge is information plus processing.

A common form of knowledge, e.g. in a Prolog program, is a

collection of facts and rules about some subject.

For example, a knowledge base about a family might contain

the facts that John is David's son and Tom is John's sonand

the rule that the son of someone's son is their grandson.

From this knowledge it could infer the new fact that Tom is

David's grandson.

See also Knowledge Level.


Source: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, 1993-2004 Denis Howe


knowledge: in CancerWEB's On-line Medical Dictionary

Source: On-line Medical Dictionary, 1997-98 AcademicMedical Publishing & CancerWEB


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“The greatest danger in times of turbulence is not turbulence; it is to act with yesterday’s logic”. — Peter Drucker

The shift from manual workers who do as they are being told — either by the task or by the boss — to knowledge workers who have to manage themselves ↓ profoundly challenges social structure

Managing Oneself is a REVOLUTION in human affairs.” … “It also requires an almost 180-degree change in the knowledge workers’ thoughts and actions from what most of us—even of the younger generation—still take for granted as the way to think and the way to act.” …

… “Managing Oneself is based on the very opposite realities: Workers are likely to outlive organizations (and therefore, employers can’t be depended on for designing your life), and the knowledge worker has mobility.” ← in a context




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